Hydrogen for the Scottish Energy Networks in 2030
Global Surface Temperature 1C Above pre-Industrial Levels
The Scottish Government has set out their vision for Scotland's electricity and gas networks to 2030. The Electricity and Gas Networks Vision builds on Scotland's Energy Strategy, which was published in December 2017.
The Networks Vision considers how Scotland's electricity and gas network infrastructure will continue to support the energy transition, the crucial role that Scotland's electricity and gas networks will play in the energy transition currently underway.
This new Networks Vision reinforces the key role that hydrogen could play in connecting and helping decarbonise our heat, industrial and transport systems. Hydrogen also has the potential to transform our urban, rural and island economies, and support the expansion of renewable energy.
Met Office predicts faster Global CO₂ rise in 2019
The forecast for the global average surface temperature for the five-year period to 2023 is predicted to be near or above 1.0 °C above pre-industrial levels, says the UK Met Office. If the observations for the next five years track the forecast that would make the decade from 2014 to 2023 the warmest run of years since records began. Averaged over the five-year period 2019-2023, forecast patterns suggest enhanced warming is likely over much of the globe, especially over land and at high northern latitudes, particularly the Arctic region. The effects of climate change are not limited to surface temperature. Warming of the climate system is seen across a range of climate indicators that build a picture of global changes occurring across the land, atmosphere, oceans and ice.
Just Transition Commission Remit Announced
During 2019 Met Office climate scientists expect to see one of the largest rises in atmospheric carbon-dioxide concentration in 62 years of measurements. This Met Office CO₂ forecast is based on a combination of factors including rising anthropogenic emissions and a relative reduction in the uptake of carbon-dioxide by ecosystems due to tropical climate variability.
CCC reports Hydrogen is a credible option for the future
The Just Transition Commission will look at how to maximise the social and economic opportunities for Scotland offered by moving to a carbon neutral economy. It will be chaired by Professor Jim Skea, who is also the Co-Chair of Working Group III (Mitigation) of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change
The Scottish Government is committed to growing a low-carbon, inclusive economy. Scotland’s Economic Strategy sets out the ambition to create a more cohesive and resilient economy that improves the opportunities, life chances, and wellbeing of every citizen in our country, and the Climate Change Bill commits Scotland to being carbon-neutral by 2050.
IPCC Special Report on Global Warming of 1.5ºC
A new report released today by the UK Committee on Climate Change (CCC) gives the very clear message that Hydrogen is a credible option to help decarbonise the UK energy system, but also highlights this depends on early Government commitment and improved support to develop the UK’s industrial capability: The UK must now prepare for the key decisions on zero-carbon energy.
The report finds hydrogen could replace natural gas in parts of the energy system, where electrification is not feasible or is prohibitively expensive, for example in providing heat on colder winter days, industrial heat processes and back-up power generation. Hydrogen should be viewed as a credible option in the next stage of the UK’s energy transition, and the report offers a new impetus for early Government action.
HyDIME hydrogen ferry project for Orkney Islands
The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) today released their Special Report on Global Warming of 1.5ºC: http://www.ipcc.ch/report/sr15/ The IPCC is the leading world body for assessing the science related to climate change, its impacts and potential future risks, and possible response options.
This report contains many important messages about the steps which need to be taken to avoid dangerous climate change, and also key references to the role of hydrogen in meeting global climate targets.
CCC report on Scotland's progress to delivering Climate Targets
Innovate UK has awarded funding to develop the UK’s first hydrogen injection system for a hydrogen/diesel ferry. The consortium is led by Ferguson Marine Engineering Limited and includes the BIG HIT partners Orkney Islands Council and the European Marine Energy Centre (EMEC).
The HyDIME (Hydrogen Diesel Injection in a Marine Environment) project will design and integrate a hydrogen diesel dual fuel injection system on board a commercial ferry which will be deployed in the Orkney Islands.
Policy Exchange releases 'Fuelling the Future' report
The UK Committee on Climate Change (CCC) has just released its latest report on Scotland’s progress towards delivering climate targets, highlighting the importance of tackling low carbon heat and transport emissions. Overall, Scotland continues to outperform the rest of the UK in reducing its greenhouse gas emissions.
Launch of the European Hydrogen Initiative
The wider recognition of the role for hydrogen in decarbonising the UK energy system continues with the publication of a report by the Policy Exchange which identifies Scotland and North East England as being best placed for developing hydrogen in the near term.
Policy Exchange’s ‘Fuelling the Future’ report states that ‘Scotland and North East England offer the best opportunities for successful hydrogen production hubs, while investment in cost-effective hydrogen production technologies – such as electrolysis – would open up export opportunities and address both the Industrial and Clean Growth strategies’
Just Transition Commission to advise on Decarbonisation
The Hydrogen Initiative has been launched at the Linz high-level energy conference to support the deployment of sustainable hydrogen technology for the decarbonisation of multiple sectors, the energy system and for the long-term energy security of the EU. The hydrogen industry is technologically diverse and sustainable hydrogen can be produced through electrolysis and through reformation processes that combines carbon management and abatement solutions. Delivering on Europe’s formidable decarbonisation ambitions will require having both at our disposal.
Although the Hydrogen Initiative is non-binding, it has already been signed by 25 EU countries, and calls on governments to increase research efforts, particularly into very large scale storage of hydrogen to address seasonal energy demands for heat.
IRENA report on Hydrogen from Renewable Power
A national taskforce to advise on how Scotland achieves a carbon-neutral economy has been launched. The Just Transition Commission, a commitment under the Programme for Government, will look at how to maximise opportunities of decarbonisation, in terms of fair work and tackling inequalities, while delivering a sustainable and inclusive labour market.
EMEC announced as a 'Top 200' world influencing project
A new report ‘Hydrogen from renewable power: Technology outlook for the energy transition’ has been released by the International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA). This report shows Hydrogen can help meet a range of energy needs that would be difficult to address through direct electrification, making hydrogen the missing link in the global transition to a low carbon energy system.
As the world strives to cut carbon emissions, electric power from renewables has emerged as a vital energy source. Yet transport and industry will still require combustible fuels for many purposes. Such needs could be met with hydrogen, which itself can be produced using renewable power.
HYSEAS III – the World’s First Hydrogen Powered Sea-Going Car Ferry – Destination Orkney
The European Marine Energy Centre (EMEC), based in the Orkney Islands of Scotland, has just been announced as one of the top 200 influencing world projects by the Institution of Civil Engineering. This recognises the pioneering and world-changing work that is taking place at their wave and tidal energy test sites in the Orkney Islands.
Orkney Islands to lead €11 million ITEG project to integrate tidal power, grid and hydrogen
HYSEAS III will to pave the way for the building and launch of the world’s first sea-going car and passenger ferry fuelled by hydrogen. The supported development is expected to cost around €12.6 million. The vessel’s fuel will be produced from renewable electricity marking a paradigm shift towards entirely emissions-free marine transport. The successful test will allow a vessel to be constructed, in the already assured knowledge that such a vessel can operate safely and efficiently around Scotland’s challenging coast. The vessel is planned to operate in and around Orkney, which is already producing hydrogen in volume from constrained –hence otherwise wasted – renewable energy.
EU Commission proposes €100 billion Horizon Europe programme
The €11m Integrating Tidal Energy into the European Grid (ITEG) project brings together partners from across the UK, France, Belgium and the Netherlands to address energy-related carbon emissions in North-West Europe and tackle grid export limitations faced in remote areas such as Orkney.
The project consortium includes EMEC, Scotrenewables Tidal Power, AREVA H2Gen, the Energy Systems Catapult, Energy Valley/New Energy Coalition, University of Caen Normandy, University of Le Havre Normandy, Ghent University and the Normandy Development Agency.
Scottish Government sets new 90% GHG reduction target for 2050
The EU Commission proposed their most ambitious Research and Innovation programme yet. For the next long-term EU budget 2021-2027, the Commission is proposing €100 billion for research and innovation. This new programme – called Horizon Europe – will build on the achievements and success of the previous Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme.
IEA update on Offshore Wind with Hydrogen for Decarbonisation of Industry
Action to mitigate climate change is a key component of the Scottish Government’s aim to create a growing, sustainable and inclusive economy. The Climate Change (Scotland) Act 2009 set world-leading greenhouse gas emissions reduction targets, including a target to reduce emissions by 80% by 2050.
The Scottish Government now intends to introduce a new Climate Change Bill with even more ambitious targets. Proposals include setting targets based on actual emissions, and increasing the 2050 target to 90% emissions reduction.
H2FC SUPERGEN update on H&FC Supply Chain Economic Benefits
The International Energy Agency has released an update on ‘Renewable Energy for Industry: Offshore Wind in Northern Europe’. This note expands on the findings of the recent IEA Insight Paper on renewable energy for industry, released in November 2017.
This update note by Cédric Philibert of the IEA Renewable Energy Division explores the potential for decarbonising the European industry by replacing fossil fuels with electricity from offshore wind in Northern Europe, either directly or via hydrogen production.
BIG HIT Creates Exemplar ‘Hydrogen Islands’ Energy System for Orkney
Recent economic modelling work carried out by the EPSRC funded H2FC SUPERGEN shows the economic gains which can be achieved through low carbon policies, and specifically developing supply chain activity to support refuelling of battery/hydrogen vehicles.
This paper sets out the opportunities for low emission vehicle refuelling supply chains potentially replicating the strength of domestic upstream linkages observed in the UK electricity and/or gas industries. They use input-output multiplier analysis to deconstruct and assess the structure of these supply chains relative to that of more import-intensive petrol and diesel supply.
A crucial multiplier result is that for every £1million of spending on electricity (or gas), 8 full-time equivalent jobs are supported throughout the UK. This compares to less than 3 in the case of petrol/diesel supply.
The official opening of BIG HIT brings together communities, industry, and politicians who are all working together to deploy one of Europe’s leading energy systems. BIG HIT will enable more renewable energy to be produced and used locally in the Orkney Islands of Scotland and also support similar deployments more widely. BIG HIT has been widely recognised as the leading project of its kind in Europe. BIG HIT, involving 12 participants based across six EU countries and funded by the EU FCH JU. The Orkney Islands of Scotland were chosen for this development because of the need to store excess renewable energy and utilise the stored energy locally for transport and heat.